Uses of stone and its applications

Uses of stone and its applications

Definition: Stone is a solid portion of the earth crust it has no definite shape and size it contains two or more minerals.


Stones are obtained from rocks with the process called the quarrying of stones.



There are many uses of stones:
1)Quarried stones are used in the form of stone blocks.
2) stones are used as aggregate in concrete
3) in olden days stone slaps are used
4) special types of stones are used for making sculptures
5) stones are used for making pools, river diversions.
5) stone lintels and stone flags
6) used for stone masonry
7) stones are used for decorative and ornamental applications
8) stones are used for cladding work purposes.
9) stones are used for civil engineering purposes.
8) stones are used as a structural unit for the construction of foundations, walls, columns, lintels, and arches.
9)slate is used in the form of tiles for the roof covering material
10) stones are used in the construction of bridge piers, retaining walls, lighthouse, chimney, and dams
11) stones are used as paving for pavements, footpaths, etc
12) the stones are used as ballast railway lines.
13) are used for architectural effects to give a good appearance
14) coarse aggregate in the concrete
15) stones are used for hollow blocks
16) stones are also used as blast furnace flux.
17) As a road construction material
18) limestone is used for manufacturing lime and cement
19) stone is used as an insulating material
20) marble is used as a flooring material because of aesthetic experience and high strength.

Applications:

  • Stones are used in ancient temples search has Hampi
  • Taj Mahal at Agra
  • The forts such as Red Fort, Jama Masjid
  • Umed Bhawan of Delhi which is built with grey and Red Stone
  • Sculptures
  • The pyramids of Egypt.

Selection of Stone for engineering work:
  • It should be hard
  • It should be durable to withstand the atmospheric action
  • It should be unaffected from smoke and atmospheric acids
  • It should be hard and strong to resist the cracks
  • It should be crystalline and homogeneous structure
  • It should be workable
  • It should be economical
Thank u.For reading Knowledge is power and sharing is caring
Also read: Salary of a civil engineer
                 Deterioration of stones


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